Daily Current Affairs and General Knowledge 24 July 2019

1. Bangladesh scientists develop a method to convert Jute fibre into low-cost bio-degradable cellulose sheets

Scientists in Bangladesh have developed a method to convert Jute fibre into low-cost bio-degradable cellulose sheets named 'Sonali'.

These sheets can be used as wrapping material and carrying bag.The physical qualities of the invented jute fibre and plastic are quite similar.The Eco-friendly jute poly bags made up of Sonali can be used in garments and food packaging work and they are not harmful to human health.

2. National Income Tax Day: 24 July

July 24 is celebrated as the 'Income Tax Day'.

This tax was first levied as a duty on this day in the year 1860 and the authority to levy it came into force on July 24 of that year.The income tax department is one of the largest organisations of the central government with over 58,000 personnel spread across 745 offices in 540 locations throughout the country.

3. Lok Sabha passes Motor Vehicles (Amendment), Bill

The Lok Sabha passed the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2019.

The bill seeks to amend the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 to provide for road safety.The Bill proposes a scheme to allow cashless treatment of victims in a road accident during the golden hour.The golden hour is defined as the time period of up to one hour following a traumatic injury, during which the likelihood of preventing death through prompt medical care is the highest.The Bill proposes to increase the minimum compensation for hit and run cases. In case of the death, the compensation has been raised from 25 thousand to two lakh rupees, and in case of grievous injury, it will be from 12 thousand 500 to 50 thousand rupees.

4. MP Assembly passes a bill raising OBC quota to 27%

Madhya Pradesh Assembly unanimously passed an amendment bill raising reservation in government jobs and education for Other Backward Classes (OBC) to 27 per cent from the present 14 per cent.

The Bill is now going to the Governor and President for assent.After this amendment, reservation in Madhya Pradesh will touch 73 per cent, including 10 per cent quota for the Economically Weaker Section from the general category.Reservation for Scheduled Caste-SC is 16 per cent and for Scheduled Tribes-ST stands at 20 per cent.

5. Andhra Pradesh becomes the first state to reserve 75% private jobs for local youths

Andhra Pradesh became the first state to reserve jobs for local youth after the assembly passed the Andhra Pradesh Employment of Local Candidates in Industries/Factories Act, 2019.

The act reserves 75 per cent jobs in industrial units, factories, joint ventures and projects set up under public-private partnership mode.According to the new law, if a company does not find the necessary skills in locals, then it will need to train them in association with the state government.

6. Karnataka JD(S)-Congress govt falls

The Nataka in Karnataka finally coming to an end with the Kumarswamy government losing the trust vote.

BJP got 105 while JDS-Cong combine got 99 votes.Governor Vajubhai Vala accepts Kumaraswamy's resignation and asks him to continue as caretaker CM.

7. Boris Johnson to be UK's new PM

Boris Johnson was elected as the Conservative Party leader and Britain's new Prime Minister.

Johnson, the former foreign secretary, secured 92,153 votes against 46,656 of his rival Jeremy Hunt.The new Prime Minister is expected to spend some time finalising his key Cabinet and ministerial posts soon after the results.A number of Brexiteers, including Indian-origin MPs Priti Patel and Rishi Sunak, are expected to be part of his new team.

8. Virat Kohli holds on to No 1 spot in ICC Test Rankings

India skipper Virat Kohli has retained his number one position in the latest ICC Test batsmen's rankings.

Kohli, who last featured in India's 2-1 Test series win over Australia, is sitting on 922 points. New Zealand's Kane Williamson (913) is second and Cheteshwar Pujara (881) third in the rankings released. In the team rankings, India remains in the first place followed by New Zealand.

9. Sri Lankan Lasith Malinga set to retire after first Bangladesh ODI

Lasith Malinga will retire from One-Day International cricket on July 26 after the first match of the three-match ODI series against Bangladesh.

The 35-year-old fast bowler has played 225 ODIs for Sri Lanka, having claimed 335 wickets at an impressive average of 29.02. One of the highlights of Lasith Malinga's ODI career has been a match against South Africa in the 2007 World Cup in West Indies.The right-arm fast-bowler took four wickets in four balls against South Africa to help Sri Lanka win the match.

10. Abhay, Tanvi win Bengal Open squash titles

Abhay Singh of Tamil Nadu and Asian Games medallist Tanvi Khanna clinched the men's and women's titles respectively in the sixth Bengal Open squash tournament in Kolkatta.

Second seed Singh defeated top seed Abhishek Pradhan 11-6 11-6 11-4, while Tanvi fought her way past Tamil Nadu's Aparajitha Balamurukan 11-7 11-6 5-11 13-11.Earlier, the under-15 category witnessed a thrilling battle with fifth-seeded Tamil Nadu girl Shameena Riaz upsetting top seed Soniya Bajaj from Maharashtra 9-11 11-7 11-5 7-11 11-8.

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